Types of Aggression in Dogs
The most common forms of aggression we deal with are Fear Aggression (includes People and Children Aggression), Dog Aggression, and Predatory Aggression. People commonly misinterpret aggression and use incorrect labels when explaining it like, “my dog hates children” or “my dog hates other dogs”. Dogs do not react because they “hate” so much as they are responding from fear, possessiveness, or territorial instincts. In these situations it is key that we properly reassign the leadership role to the humans (instead of the dog) so that the dog does not carry the burden of making such stressful decisions! It is amazing how significantly strong leadership can alter a dog’s need to be reactive in stressful situations. When a dog understands that its human is advocating for him and will manage high stress situations, we begin to see the dog making better choices and feeling calmer.
|Fear||Reacts when backed into a corner, reacts when people do something unpredictable, does not like it when people move fast or loud, likes to sneak behind people to bite||Poor socialization, lack of socialization||Very common|
|Prey||Fixates on animals (usually small), becomes very still when fixating, may drool when fixating||Instincts, lack of mental stimulation||Common|
|Territorial||Possessive of areas where spends a lot of time||Instincts, long periods of time in one area, lack of mental stimulation||Common|
|Dog||Acts aggressively toward dogs that seem to pose zero threat||Poor socialization, lack of socialization||Very common|
|Children||Acts aggressively toward smaller individuals||Poor socialization, lack of socialization||Common|
|Human||Acts aggressively toward strangers||Poor socialization, lack of socialization||Common|
|Possessive||Reacts unpredictably toward certain people or dogs that approaches a specific owner||Improper sense of entitlement, lack of leadership, lack of mental stimulation||Common|
|Food or Toy||Dog becomes very still and stiff when someone or another dog approaches with certain objects||Instincts, history with food, lack of leadership||Less common|
|Maternal||Mother dog will become aggressive toward anyone or anything approaching her babies||Instincts||Very common|
|Pain||Dog may bite when faced with pain, dog may act aggressive as a result of bad thyroid or bladder infection||Medical issue||Very common|
|Punishment||Acts aggressively when expecting punishment||Improper punishment from human||Less common|
Dog Aggression is Common
Dog aggression is very common in today’s society. A lot of dogs will react toward a dog that has posed zero threat. This does not necessarily mean your dog is “dog aggressive”. In most cases the dog does not have social skills, which is a lot easier to work through than a true dog to dog aggression. Since aggression is NOT a natural state of mind for a dog, nor are dogs born aggressive something has shaped this behavior. Nine times out of ten it is related to either lack of socialization or poor socialization which resulted in a dog making a “generalization” or an “overall negative association” with something due to one or two bad experiences.
An example of this type of aggression would be a puppy that was attacked by an adult dog at an early age (say 12 weeks) and this just happened to be the 3rd dog it had met. Because of this “scary attack” the owners started “sheltering the puppy” keeping it away from other dogs for fear that he would be attacked again. So, what happened was the puppy had only met three dogs in his life and one attacked him. The puppy grows up thinking: “there is a very good chance when I meet another dog I could be attacked”. This puppy has a very high probability of being dog aggressive when he is older, but this will not show until he is about a year and half old. What the owner should have done is gone overboard finding as many friendly dogs as possible to introduce to their puppy to “outweigh” that one negative experience with the dog that attacked. If this puppy met 125 friendly dogs after that one bad experience chances are he will have forgotten about that negative one long ago and not develop an “anxiety” around other dogs.
Many dog owners don’t realize that social skills are something most dogs need to continue practicing throughout their life. You really can never stop socializing you dog in order to keep their skills fully fresh. We hear a lot of owners say their dog used to get along great with other dogs, and for some reason they hate other dogs now, this is usually a case of a dog whose social skills have not stayed “current” or “fresh”. For some dogs, social skills have to be practiced very frequently in order to be good with other dogs. Keep in mind too, social skills are required to communicate with “strange” dogs, not dogs they know or see all the time. If you are getting your dog around the same dogs all the time, that is not practicing social skills.
Because of lack of or poor social skills, most aggression is fear based (even though it can look the exact opposite). Even if your dog is the “initiator”, chances are he is still reacting out of fear or feeling uncomfortable. A great deal of aggressive dogs go on offense before they have to be on defense, and because it works for them, they continue reacting this way to solve the problem of “feeling uncomfortable”. What we have to do is find a different way to solve your dog’s problem and make them more comfortable in the situation from the start. Aggression is NOT a natural state of mind for a dog. No dog wants to feel this way – they are looking for a way out – and we can help them.